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Species list

Plant Galls 2006-10

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NAME

GALL

SCIENTIFIC NAME

GROUP

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Bracken

Pinnule roll gall

Chirosia grossicauda

Mining fly

Male fern

Frond knotting gall

Chirosia betuleti

Mining fly

09/07 14/10

Broad buckler fern

Frond knotting gall

Chirosia betuleti

Mining fly

02/07 05/09 09/05

Lesser celandine

Yellow blisters leaf/stalk

Urocystis ficariae

Smut fungus

17/04 10/04 15/04

Small leaf elm

Pustules

Aceria ulmicola

Mite

02/07 21/04 17/05 04/05

Wych elm

Bag gall

Eriosoma lanuginosum

Aphid

30/05
Leaf roll Eriosoma patchiae Aphid 24/08 13/05 23/05 01/05
Fig gall Tetraneura ulmi Aphid 24/08 13/05 20/05 06/07

Common nettle

Orange gall under leaf

Puccinia urticata

Rust fungus

 

Leaf & petiole pouch gall

Dasineura urticae

Midge

30/08 02/09 14/10

Beech

Nail gall

Hartigiola annulipes

Midge

09/07 22/07 05/09 06/07 24/06

 

Leaf edge roll

Acalitus stenapsis

Mite

09/07 21/05 08/05 01/05 14/05

 

Erineum under leaf

Aceria fagineus

Mite

09/05

Pedunculate oak

Swollen tip of twig

Andricus inflator (sexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 29/04 09/05

 

Lateral bud gall

Andricus inflator (asexual)

Gall wasp

09/10

 

Oak apple

Biorhiza pallida (sexual)

Gall wasp

02/05 12/04 15/04 15/04 14/05

 

Midrib thickened

Andricus curvator (sexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 20/04 04/05 06/07 14/05

 

Marble gall

Andricus kollari (asexual)

Gall wasp

16/08 22/07 27/07  06/07 14/07
Cotton wool gall Andricus quercusramuli Gall wasp 29/04

 

Artichoke gall

Andricus fecundator (asexual)

Gall wasp

20/07 22/07 05/09 06/07 14/07

 

Bud & catkin gall

Andricus fecundator (sexual)

Gall wasp

 

Currant gall

Neuroterus quercusbaccarum (sexual)

Gall wasp

12/04 27/04 21/04 14/05

 

Common spangle gall

Neuroterus quercusbaccarum (asexual)

Gall wasp

29/07 22/07 27/07 06/07

 

Silk button gall

Neuroterus numismalis (asexual)

Gall wasp

29/07 22/07 27/07 06/07
Small Leaf blister gall Neuroterus numismalis (sexual) Gall wasp 04/05 14/05

 

Catkin gall

Neuroterus aprilinus (politus) (asexual)

Gall wasp

20/04 21/04 14/05
Bud gall Neuroterus politus (sexual) Gall wasp 09/05
Catkin gall Neuroterus quadrilineatus (asexual) Gall wasp 09/05

 

Knopper gall

Andricus quercuscalicis (asexual)

Gall wasp

30/07 22/07 27/07 09/05 14/07

 

Striped pea gall

Cynips longiventris (asexual)

Gall wasp

09/07 07/06 27/07 15/07

 

Cherry gall

Cynips quercusfolii (asexual)

Gall wasp

20/07 22/07 09/10

 

Ramshorn gall

Andricus aries (asexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 22/07 27/07 09/05

15/07

 

Pea gall

Cynips divisa (asexual)

Gall wasp

29/07 22/07 06/07

 

Cola nut gall

Andricus lignicolus (asexual)

Gall wasp

20/07 22/07 05/09 06/07

 

Smooth spangle gall

Neuroterus albipes (asexual)

Gall wasp

12/08 22/07 05/09 06/07

 

Bud gall

Andricus solitarius (asexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 07/06 29/07 24/06

 

Chambered gall on petiole

Andricus quercusradicis (sexual) #

Gall wasp

06/05
Truffle gall Andricus quercusradicis (asexual) Gall wasp 06/05

 

Oyster gall on midrib

Neuroterus anthracinus (sexual)

Gall wasp

29/07 04/06 27/07 06/07

 

Bud gall

Andricus corruptrix (sexual)

Gall wasp

29/07
Bud gall Andricus corruptrix (asexual) 09/05

 

Leaf fold gall

Macrodiplosis dryobia

Midge

09/07 05/05 11/05 09/05 14/05

 

Upward leaf roll

Macrodiplosis volvens

Midge

09/07 05/05 11/05 09/05

 

Stem swelling

Heliozela sericella

Caterpillar

 

Acorn gall

Andricus grossulariae (asexual)

Gall wasp

20/07 27/08 09/10
Hedgehog gall Andricus lucidus (asexual) Gall wasp 06/05 27/08 09/10
Barnacle gall Andricus testaceipes (asexual) Gall wasp 06/05
Pimple on leaf Trioza remota Plant louse 06/06 27/07 01/05 14/05

Turkey oak

Gooseberry gall

Andricus grossulariae (sexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 29/04 08/05 04/05 14/05

 

Catkin gall

Andricus quercuscalicis (sexual)

Gall wasp

06/05 14/05
Bud gall Andricus kollari (sexual) Gall wasp 06/05 09/05
Bud gall Andricus lignicola (sexual) Gall wasp 06/05
Acorn gall Callirhytis erythrocephala 06/05 05/09
Anemone gall Neuroterus saliens (sexual) Gall wasp (06/05) 29/04 08/05 21/04 14/05
Leaf & petiole gall Neuroterus saliens (asexual) Gall wasp 14/10 27/08 05/09 06/07
Holm oak Leaf erineum Mite 09/05

Silver birch

Seed gall

Semudobia betulae

Midge pupa

Big bud gall Acalitus calycophthirus Mite 09/05 14/05
Erineum Eriophyes leionotus  á Mite 09/05 14/05
Erineum Eriophyes lissonotus  á Mite 09/05

 

Seed gall

Semudobia tarda

Midge pupa

09/07
Root gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens Soil Bacteria 25/02

Common alder

Angle vein gall

Eriophyes inangulis

Mite

12/08
Bulge on leaf Acalitus brevitarsus Mite 27/07 04/05 29/05

Hornbeam

Leaf-vein crinkle

Aceria macrotrichus

Mite

09/07 04/05 14/05

 

Swollen midrib

Zygobia carpinus

Midge

09/07 22/05 05/09 06/07 24/06

 

Galls in midrib/vein angle

Aceria tenellus

Mite

09/07 09/05 14/05

Hazel

Big bud gall

Phytoptus avellanae

Mite

08/04 13/02 21/04

Spear-leaved orache

Midrib swollen/leaf curl

Hayhurstia atriplicis

Aphid

06/08
Sheep's sorrel Midrib swollen Apion rubens Beetle 06/05

Common lime

Gall in vein angle

Eriophyes exilis

Mite

09/07 13/05 09/05

 

Pointed nail gall

Eriophyes tiliae

Mite

04/06 03/06 04/05 01/05

 

Yellow blisters on leaf

Eriophyes leiosoma

Mite

29/07 13/05 12/05 04/05 01/05
Leaf edge rolled up Dasineura tiliae Midge 22/05 12/05
Petiole gall Contarinia tiliarum Midge 21/05 03/06 09/05
Blunt nail galls Aceria lateannulatus Mite 04/06 31/05 06/07

Small leaved lime

Blunt nail galls

Aceria lateannulatus

Mite

03/07 13/05 08/05 14/05

 

Yellow blisters on leaf

Eriophyes leiosoma

Mite

30/07 05/05 12/05 14/05

 

Leaf edge rolled up

Dasineura tiliae

Midge

22/05
Common dog violet Swellings of leaf and stem Puccinia violae Fungus 26/04

White poplar

Swollen stem

Gypsonoma aceriana

Caterpillar

Grey poplar

Swollen stem

Gypsonoma aceriana

Caterpillar

29/04

Aspen

Red pea gall

Harmandia tremulae

Midge

 

Leaf base gall

Eriophyes diversipunctatus +

Mite

Leaf roll gall Dasineura populeti Midge
Bulge on leaf Taphrina populina Fungus 17/06
Balsam poplar Bulge on leaf Taphrina populina Fungus 17/05

Black poplar

Spiral gall on petiole

Pemphigus spyrothecae

Aphid

03/07 29/04 08/05 06/07 24/06

 

Bulge on leaf

Taphrina populina

Fungus

03/07 25/05 26/06 06/07 24/06

 

Leaf fold gall

Thecabius affinis

Aphid

22/07 27/07

 

Globular midrib gall

Pemphigus populi

Aphid

03/07 25/05 26/06 06/07 24/06

 

Pouch gall

Pemphigus bursarius

Aphid

03/07 22/07 06/07 24/06
Midrib pouch gall Pemphigus populinigrae Aphid 26/06 06/07 24/06

Crack willow

Bean gall

Pontania proxima

Sawfly

20/07 22/07 27/07 06/07 24/06
Edge of leaf gall Aculus magnirostris Mite 30/07 27/07 09/05
Terminal leaves gall Rabdophaga terminalis Midge
Rosette gall Rabdophaga rosaria Midge 20/07

White willow

Bean gall

Pontania proxima

Sawfly

20/07 22/07 27/07 09/05 24/06

 

Rosette gall

Rabdophaga rosaria

Midge

29/07
Edge of leaf gall Aculus magnirostris Mite 29/07 10/09
Terminal leaves gall Rabdophaga terminalis Midge 20/07 22/07

Goat willow

Pustules with opening under

Iteomyia capreae

Midge

29/07 22/05 17/09 24/06
Hairy pea gall under leaf Pontania pedunculi Sawfly 09/07 22/07 31/05
  Bean gall Pontania bridgmanii           24/06
Grey sallow Pustules with opening under Iteomyia capreae Midge 09/07 04/06

Bramble

Swollen stem gall

Lasioptera rubi

Midge

06/05
Raised bulge on leaf Eriophyes rubicolens Mite 11/09

Raspberry

Swollen stem gall

Lasioptera rubi

Midge

Creeping cinquefoil

Stem gall underground

Xestophanes potentillae

Gall wasp

Dog rose

Orange stem gall

Phragmidium tuberculatum

Rust fungus

02/05 22/07 24/06

 

Pea gall

Diplolepis sp. #

Gall wasp

28/06 22/07 15/07

 

Robinís pincushion

Diplolepis rosae

Gall wasp

28/06 30/05 27/07 15/07

 

Leaf roll gall

Blennocampa phyllocolpa

Caterpillar

 

Sputnik gall

Diplolepis nervosa

Gall wasp

20/07 22/07 27/07 15/07

 

Leaf fold pod gall

Wachtliella rosarum

Midge

20/07 22/07 27/07

Field rose

Robinís pincushion

Diplolepis rosae

Gall wasp

06/05

Almond

Red thick curled leaves

Taphrina deformans

Fungus

06/06

Blackthorn

Pustules mainly on leaf edge

Eriophyes prunispinosae

Mite

22/05 29/04 17/05 21/04 01/05

 

Pustules mainly on midrib

Eriophyes padi

Mite

22/05 21/05 03/06 09/05 14/05

 

Pocket plums

Taphrina pruni

Fungus

06/05 13/05  16/05 06/07 14/05

Wild plum

Leaf edge pustules

Eriophyes similis

Mite

14/05 15/04 21/04

Rowan

Yellow pustules on leaflets

Eriophyes sorbi

Mite

06/05 11/05 14/05

Pear

Red pustules on leaf

Eriophyes pyri

Mite

06/05

 

Leaf spot, swollen underneath

Gymnosporangium sabinae

Rust fungus

09/07 17/09 03/07
Crab apple Erineum Phyllocoptes malinus Mite 09/05 14/05

Wild apple

Lumps swelling on stem

Eriosoma lanigerum

Woolly aph.

Leaf roll Dasineura mali Midge

Common whitebeam

Yellow pustules on leaf

Eriophyes arianus

Mite

Wild service tree

Yellow pustules on leaf

Eriophyes torminalis

Mite

01/06 21/05 17/05 21/04

Common hawthorn

Leaf edge roll

Phyllocoptes goniothorax

Mite

02/05 21/05 12/05 21/04 01/05

 

Raised pocks on leaf

Aceria crataegi

Mite

06/05 15/04 12/05 21/04 14/05

 

Button top gall

Dasineura crataegi

Midge

29/07 22/07 27/07 15/07
Red leaf fold Dysaphis crataegi (not confirmed) Aphid 09/05
Dwarf gorse Stem gall Eutrichapion scutellare Beetle larva 07/06
Rosebay Willow herb Leaf edge roll down Dasineura kiefferiana Midge 06/05 09/05 24/06

Enchanterís nightshade

Stem and leaves galled

Puccinia circaeae

Rust fungus

Spindle

Leaf edge roll

Eriophyes convolvens

Mite

09/07 21/04 17/09 21/04 15/07

Purging buckthorn

Leaf edge rolled upwards

Trichochermes walkeri

Plant louse

09/07 17/09

Field maple

Small red pustules

Aceria aceriscampestris

Mite

15/05 22/04 08/05 21/04 14/05

 

Large yellow pustules

Aceria macrochelus

Mite

09/07 30/05 27/07 09/05 14/07

 

White erineum under leaf

Aceria eriobius

Mite

11/07 29/04 05/09 14/05
Misshapen fruits

Sycamore

Red pustules on leaf

Aceria macrorhynchus

Mite

02/05 15/04 22/04 21/04 14/05

 

Felt galls

Aceria pseudoplatani

Mite

15/05 22/07 27/07 06/07 14/05

Silver maple

Red pustules

Vasates quadripedes

Mite

02/05 21/04 03/05 21/04 14/05

Cow parsley

Swollen petioles/leaf pustules

Puccinia chaerophylli

Rust fungus

Wild Carrot Swollen fruit galls Kiefferia pericarpiicola Midge 20/08 03/09

Ground ivy

Lighthouse galls

Rondaniola bursaria

Midge

Ash

Leaflet edge rolled down

Psyllopsis fraxini

Plant louse

09/07 21/05 17/05 06/07 24/06

 

Key galls

Aceria fraxinivorus

Mite

30/08 24/06

 

Leaflet midrib gall

Dasineura fraxini

Midge

09/07 21/05 20/05 06/07 24/06

 

Pod gall

Dasineura acrophila

Midge

30/08 30/05

One leaved ash

Leaf edge rolled down

Psyllopsis fraxini

Plant louse

30/05

 

Midrib gall

Dasineura fraxini

Midge

 

Pod gall

Dasineura acrophila

Midge

Single leafed ash

Leaf edge rolled down

Psyllopsis fraxini

Plant louse

30/05 17/09 03/07
Pod gall Dasineura acrophila Midge 30/05
Midrib gall Dasineura fraxini Midge 17/09

Wood speedwell

Pits on leaf

Puccinia veronicae

Rust fungus

Cleavers

Leaf roll

Cecidophyes galii

Mite

06/05 15/04 15/04 21/04

Elder

Leaflet edge rolled up

Epitrimerus trilobus

Mite

06/05 21/04 15/04 21/04 14/05
Daisy Fungal gall on leaf Puccinia distincta Rust fungus 06/05

Creeping thistle

Swollen stem gall

Urophora cardui

Gall fly

06/05 13/09 06/07
Spear thistle Urophora stylata Gall fly

Dandelion *

Stem and leaf distorted

Protomyces pachydermus

Fungus

06/05

Perennial sow thistle

Yellow pustules on leaf

Cystiphora sonchi

Midge

Groundsel

Swollen leaf and stem

Puccinia lagenophorae

Rust fungus

 

NOTES

#  Needs breeding out to confirm

*  Taraxacum pseudohamatum

+  Not found since August 1977

á See note in keys p292 Redfern & Shirley 2002 British Plant Galls

NEW for 2010 in red

 

 

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