HOLLY Ilex aquifolium
is found throughout the forest, especially in the woodland areas and
the Hainault Lodge Reserve. Because it is constantly cut and cleared
to open up woodland glades, it is usually found as scrub or bushes
where it often sends out suckers. There are, however some very good
example of holly trees on Cabin Hill and a very large tree in Hainault
Lodge Reserve. It is a familiar tree with its tough prickly leaves
although the leaf is often smooth or with few prickles especially on
large trees. It is best known for its red berries at
Christmastide when it is collected for wreathes and table decorations.
Holly is dioecious, that is, trees are either male or female,
berries being only found on the female bushes.