Hainault Forest Website

Tree identification

Conifers: Yew Taxus baccata,  Deodar Cedrus deodara

Black pine Pinus nigra nigra and Scots pine Pinus sylvestris

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SCOTS PINE Pinus sylvestris female flowers (left) at tip of shoot with clusters of male flowers (right)  which produce masses of pollen. Scots Pine is wind pollinated.  Scots Pine is found on the old reservoir site, Hog hill, and on the golf course. Twig of BLACK PINE Pinus nigra nigra. The needle-like leaves are in pairs averaging 12 cm. length.  Black pine is found on the old reservoir site on Hog hill, in Hainault Lodge and on the Golf course.
After pollination the upright female flowers of SCOTS PINE turn downwards and take two years to develop into mature cones. SCOTS PINE bole is a rustic brown except at the base. BLACK PINE bole
These mature SCOTS PINE cones have opened and released their seeds Closed BLACK PINE cone (6cm) with two cones stripped of their scales and the seed removed by grey squirrels

Young cone of DEODAR in Hainault Lodge Local Nature Reserve.

The mature cone is oval in shape with a flat top. Leaves radiate from a short spur.

YEW Taxus baccata showing needle-like leaves with ripe and developing  fruit. All parts of the tree are very POISONOUS.    

Photo: 17 Sept 2005. All Saints, Chigwell Row.

Young YEW tree near Sheepwater. Many saplings are found throughout the woodland area. The seeds are probably spread by birds. There is a mature tree in All Saints, Chigwell Row.