Hainault Forest Website

Written, Designed and Photographed by Brian Ecott




GREY CUSHION MOSS Grimmia pulvinata

The  two pictures above show GREY CUSHION MOSS Grimmia pulvinata. The capsules are bent down into the plant where the spores are released. The greyness  is due to the long hairs which extend from the leaf tips.  

GREY CUSHION MOSS Grimmia pulvinata

rey cushion moss Grimmia pulvinata on rotting trunk. The spore capsules bend in to the plant. The leaf blade is drawn out into a long hair giving the plant a grey appearance. 6th January 2017.  Photo Brian Ecott  
WALL SCREW MOSS Tortula muralis a common moss found on the tops of walls of Foxburrows Farm. The stem and leaves twist together when dry.  

 CAPILLARY THREAD MOSS Bryum capillare growing on a tree branch.  16th February 2016  Photo Michael Rumble

CAPILLARY THREAD MOSS Bryum capillare  is a common moss of wall tops, the farm walls and on branches. Often found with many capsules.  

CAPILLARY THREAD MOSS Bryum capillare A common moss on branches and walls  18th Feb. 2015.

SILVER MOSS Bryum argentium is a common moss of crack in pavements in urban areas. Found on wall tops and in paving at Hainault Forest.    


BUD-HEADED GROOVE-MOSS Aulocomnium androgynum  found on the ground and woodland floor on Dog Kennel Hill. . The stalked ball-like structures seen in close up are for vegetative reproduction. They contain gemmae which break off and give rise to new plants.

A moss Campylopus introflexus found on the woodland floor at the base of trees. It rarely has capsules, but when brushed pieces break off (shown here) which will form new plants vegetatively.   CURLY THATCH MOSS Dicroweisia cirrata - not a Wall moss but found in woodland growing in crevices on the stems of old elderberry bushes. Width across 2 cm.

A Beard moss Barbula convoluta which occupies the bare patches of clay within the woodland on Dog Kennel Hill.  Orthodontium lineare. Common on base of trees and rotting wood. 
COMMON FEATHER MOSS Eurhynchium praelongum is common throughout the woodland, covering litter, branches and tree bases where it likes the shaded conditions.







 COMMON FEATHER MOSS Eurhynchium praelongum common on fallen branches and dead hedging in the forest.


WOOD BRISTLE MOSS Orthotrichum affine forms tiny cushions on twigs. The grey lichen Physcia adscendens is also present. WOOD BRISTLE MOSS Orthotrichium affine on tree branch. 16th January 2017. Photo Brian Ecott

SILKY FORKLET MOSS Dicranella heteromalla The picture on the left shows capsules. Common throughout the woodland on the ground and on stream banks.

CATHERINE'S MOSS Atrichum undulatum occasionally found on the clay woodland soil. Leaves are translucent, undulated, giving a crinkled appearance.   WOOD HAIRCAP Polytrichum formosum is found on the clay woodland soil. Leaves opaque.  

ROUGH STALKED FEATHER MOSS Brachythecium rutabulum. Common in the woodland.  





COMMON CORD-MOSS Funaria hygrometrica

Found on a bonfire site on the heathland.

Capsules are plump and the lid is pointed





SWAN'S NECK THYME MOSS Mnium hornum Common on the banks of streams. The picture above right shows the fruiting capsules which give the moss its common name of Swan neck. 

FLAT FORK MOSS Fissidens taxifolius An attractive moss on stream banks throughout the forest.  

An interesting moss Rhizomnium punctatum low on the stream bank of Spurgate brook. Several flower-like male stems contain antheridia. Fissidens taxifolius is also present in the picture.   


SPRING TURF FEATHER MOSS Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus is a weed of acid grassland throughout the forest. The pictures show male stems.




SPRING TURF FEATHER MOSS Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus



A Feather moss Brachythecium albicans which is found in large patches on the grassland on Dog Kennel Hill.