Hainault Forest Website

Written, Designed and with Photographs by Brian Ecott

Fungi, Lichens and Slime Moulds

Lichens

Top of fence post - Lichen community. Photo George Hounsome LNHS.

 

 

On the 17th November 2012 Members of the London Natural History Society paid a visit to Hainault Forest to look at Lichens on trees and bushes under the leadership of John Skinner of Southend Museum, Lichen Recorder for The Essex Field Club. Many photographs were taken, and I am indebted to George Hounsome of the LNHS for letting me use many of them on this page.

In 2003 I visited John Skinner at Southend Museum to check whether I had  correctly identified lichens collected at Hainault - I didn't do too badly and John kindly showed me how to use chemical tests as an aid. I have included some photographs from that time.

 

Species list for 17th November 2012:

Amandinea punctata

Caloplaca flavocitrina

Candelaria concolor

Candelariella reflexa

Cladonia humilis

Collema  crispum

Evernia prunastri

Flavoparmelia caperata

Hypogymnia physodes

Lecanora carpinea

Lecanora chlarotera

Lecanora expelens

Lecidella elaeochroma

Melanelixia subaurifera

Parmelia sulcata

Parmotrema perlata

Phaeophyscia orbicularis

Physcia aipolia

Physcia adscendens

Physcia caesia

Physcia tenella

Physconia grisea

Pleurosticta acetabulum

Punctelia subrudecta

Punctelia jeckeri

Ramalina farinacea

Ramalina fastigata

Usnea sp.

Xanthoria parietina

Xanthoria polycarpa

Amandinea punctata Crustose lichen  Photo George Hounsome LNHS.

17th November 2012

Bacidia neosquamulosa - crustose lichen 14th May 2003. A new species,

first reported in the Netherlands, Belgium and the UK in 1998

Candelaria concolor  A foliose lichen  KOH-   Diameter 1cm  11th March 2003

on oak bark

ABOVE Cladonia fimbriata 7th Feb 2003 Squamulose

 

LEFT Cladonia humilis A squamulose lichen found in bare patches among short grassland north of lake. Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Cladonia chlorophaea    22 Feb 2003 Squamulose lichen

Cladonia coniocraea 8 Feb. 2003 Squamulose

Collema crispum among moss near lake outflow. Algal partner is a blue green alga Nostoc sp.  17th November 2012                             

Collema crispum among moss near lake outflow.

 Photo George Hounsome LNHS  17th November 2012.

Diploicia canescens a crustose lichen on bark of willow. 19th January 2003  

Evernia prunastri - A foliose lichen on hawthorn twigs

Photo George Hounsome LNHS.17th November 2012             

Flavoparmelia caperata  A foliose lichen. Photo George Hounsome LNHS.

17th November 2012

Hypogymnia physodes  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Lecanora carpinea  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

 Lecanora chlarotera Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

 

ABOVE Lepraria incana on oak bark. A powdery lichen. 2nd February 2003.

LEFT Lecanora symmicta A crustose lichen  7 Feb. 2003.

Lecidella elaeochroma on young ash in plantation 16th March 2012

Lecidella elaeochroma on young ash. Photo George Hounsome LNHS.

17th November 2012

Melanelixia subaurifera and Parmelia sulcata on twig 2nd February 2003

Punctelia subrudecta   17th November 2012

Punctellia subrudecta  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

ABOVE and RIGHT  Punctelia jeckeri 'sister sp. to P. subrudecta    

Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17th November 2012.

Phaeophyscia orbicularis  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Physcia aipolia 17 Nov 2012   Photo George Hounsome LNHS.

 

 

 

Far left: Physcia adscendens Nov 2012 and left with fruiting bodies April 2003.

Physcia tenella  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Physconia grisea 

Pleurosticta acetabulum Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Parmotrema perlatum Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Ramalina farinacea  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

Ramalina fastigata on twig 19 Nov 2012

Candelariella aurella (orange) and Rinodina gennarii (black) on gate

16th February 2003

 

Xanthoria polycarpa  Photo George Hounsome LNHS. 17 Nov 2012

 

 

 

 

Xanthoria ucrainica on oak bark 5 April 2003 Lambourne Wood.

 

KOH+ crimson.

 

Found on oak bark in the Ukraine 1994 named in 1997. Also found in Sweden,  UK, Germany, Austria and Asian Russia

 

Xanthoria parietina and Physcia adscendens on twig 28th November 2012   x2

Xanthoria parietina and Physcia tenella on twig 28th November 2012   x3